Fri. Dec 9th, 2022
Art of music: its meaning and elements
Art of music: its meaning and elements

Music art is a branch of art that uses sound or sound media to present works produced by artists. Basically, music is any form of sound that is expressed using a regular rhythm and a beautiful melody.

A piece of music has elements that form a single unit that makes it sound beautiful. Melody, rhythm (rhythm), bars, harmony, pace, dynamics, scales, timbre, and notation are all elements of music. Therefore, Music is a type of art that focuses on the use of harmony, melody, rhythms, and vocals.

Understanding the art of music according to the experts

Music is a branch of art that uses sound or sound media in conveying a work that involves thoughts and feelings in humans. However, there are other opinions regarding the meaning of the art of music according to some of these scientists, including:


According to Aristotle, the notion of the art of music is a musical work with the ability and development power that comes from a feeling through a series of tones or melodies that have the color of the creator.


According to Sylado, the art of music is a form of living embodiment of a collection of illusions and the reflection of the creator’s voice using music with soulful tones that can move the hearts of the listeners.


According to the Lexicographer, the notion of music is a scientific field of art that combines rhythmic elements and some vocals, tones, and instrumentals that involve melody and harmony to express something from the creator of the art that is emotional.


According to Jamalus, the art of music is a work of art that is poured in the form of a song, or a composition as an expression of the author’s feelings and thoughts through the main elements of music which include melody, rhythm, harmony, and the form or structure of the song and expression as a source of unity.


According to Sunarto, the art of music is an appreciation of the human heart that can express it in the form of a sound that is regular with a rhythm or melody and has beautiful elements or harmonies.

Red and Sidnell

Red and Sidnell, define the art of music as a branch of art in the form of sound which contains elements of melody, rhythm, harmony, and timbre.

David Ewen

Meanwhile, David Ewen, said that the art of music is the science of art about the rhythmic combination of tones, both vocal and instrumental, which includes harmony and melody as an expression of everything you want to express, especially from the emotional aspect.

Elements in the Art of Music

Here are some elements of the art of music that you need to know, such as:


Sound harmony is a combination of two or more tones that differ in high and low. So, harmony is a combination of several tones. concurrent or arpegic (sequence) sounds.

Rhythm or Rhythm

That can be defined as a sound or a group of sounds with various note lengths and notes stresses or accents. Therefore, rhythm can be interpreted as rhythm, which is the arrangement of the length and shortness of the tone and depends on the point value of the note. Rhythm is a series of movements that are the basic elements of music.


Melody is an arrangement of a series of tones (sounds with regular vibrations) that sound sequentially and together to express an idea. Therefore, using melodies in song compositions as filler or lead vocals.

Song Form or Song Structure

The form of the song is the arrangement or relationship between the elements of the season in a song. So, as to produce a meaningful song composition. we can listen to a song if it has a clear form or structure. The song structure is very important in the first step of creating a work of art.

Tempo Mark

The tempo sign is the speed at which the song plays and the change in that speed. slow, medium, and fast tempo are the three parts of the tempo sign. Therefore, Tempo is often a challenge in music. Playing music irregularly will affect the tempo


An expression of thoughts and feelings that includes tempo, dynamics, and color. Therefore, expression is indispensable in staging a piece of music. A vocalist must be able to perform these elements. All musicians need to master the elements of expression.


Timbre is the quality or color of sound. The source of the sound and the way it moves greatly affect the presence of timbre

Music Art Function

The function of music has different purposes, depending on the reason for using the music itself. The following are 10 functions of music according to Allan P. Meriam in the book The Anthropology of Music, such as:

An emotional mechanism for a large group of similar actions

For example, the case of the Flathead Indians and perhaps many other American Indian tribes still preserve certain songs and dances. Even though the original occurrence of their appearance has long been extinct.

Aesthetic satisfaction

Aesthetic issues related to music are not easy. This includes aesthetics from the point of view of the creator or the audience and if considered with one of its main functions, music must be demonstrable for cultures other than our own.

Entertainment in all walks of life

It is only necessary to clarify there the difference between pure entertainment which seems to be a feature of western society’s music, with entertainment that has been combined with other functions that may be a more general feature of non-literate society.

Communication tools

While we know that the main problem is that music conveys something, we don’t know how clearly what, how, and for whom the message is. Music is not a universal language, but a form in terms of culture as music is a part of it.

Symbolic representation

There is little doubt that music functions in all walks of life as a symbolic representation of other things, ideas, and behaviors.

Physical response

It is well known that music can trigger a physical response in the human body, but it is still questionable whether this response should be included in what is basically a group and social function as well as an individual’s sense of self-consciousness or self-esteem.

Reinforcing conformity in social norms

Songs that can regulate social control play an important role in some cultures and practice behavior directly or indirectly.

Validation of social intuitions and religious rituals

Using music in social and religious situations. There is some information indicating the extent to which music tends to validate those intuitions and rituals.

Contribution to cultural stability

If music allows emotional expression, provides aesthetic pleasure, entertains, communicates, provokes physical responses, reinforces the harmony of norms, and validates social intuition and religious rituals.

Contribution of social integration

Seeing that we have been waiting for the function of music in the previous paragraph to make it clear that music provides solidarity to the members gathered in society, music does have a function to integrate social life.

By jimmy